未分类

建世玄元

在唐玄宗之后,唐朝人所有写到“玄”的地方,都要改写成“元”字,避讳嘛。就像汉朝人在汉文帝刘恒之后,凡是写到“恒”的地方,都要改写成“常”字。所以,老子原本说的是“道可道也,非恒道也”,到了汉文帝后就变成 “道可道,非常道”了。不过,有趣的是,这玄元避讳一事,有避玄改元的,也有避元改玄的。避来改去的,在古书里也就形成了玄元不分、混用互见的奇观。比如,在清代,因为康熙皇帝名叫玄烨,结果就逼得唐玄宗改了名。我曾见过一部以清朝武英殿本为底本出版的《通典》,那上面的唐玄宗都变成了唐元宗。

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